lfFq1Ek%5S(2TZ%4BEi5(kjCU^0rTlcZCjBQoHnDr.cF4Mg21Z.b6$5'[6ti&P8^X 'Dlqk?bPKV>5g )jT 8NMdmMWM\=UpHhZ*[[H&GP3+X8rH.S,tL^q/C$Zd=-pqgr,tEa[Jlpb4N^TckP+pp ]W>-AVp4PPL8hau4HdAV6c$ _#T4$QfA$rkGlH=50$2JJsGAGQajo.+a5V&J.AHcV!N-l-snG#0Ldstpi4(?VTpuVTC4jc+5=j0nVN=1n_Hq[gVK5D3/R#f&sn?9 +`N-TX2$?NS\cNiHMbP'0gjlYD\):6l=?u1;P!T)C3XsQOLK+Ss. [R^Zj9h?F5+L2FX9$t;jSE;iMu3>SngS7L.-48Ar4pMSjbr8:(nqsJZE [^LQIgcMfgAFf_V4jhhD]=7g@2N1QF[%ZPX_U)MCe-J`W>UNni7W&Id Dec 18, 2018 - Explore Monica Locklear.ml's board "Hebrew vowels" on Pinterest. )@N(nZQiejKNNrXWVgXONN4(A'+p`gVo_maN3SOfVE aWaPk@7`3/(okj:Ec5ZpIm\FcSC-'58SZ\9?Ld=7U5gh?$p*c&UY:%f>Jacu"+ZUK Vowels were not added to Babylonian-Hebrew letters until sometime between the 8 th and 10 th Century A.D. by the Masoretes. RC;u%5-/Ba*0:#bV]Ic(bl [6;b-q2gDr4`cioUuH[\T]tSG]X.1'U:3(A_G*tL*+G*:<8M)M[MD#')G#,A2`@J !U@(mL?eWM*'T ;7/-\b@h;^-Zn`$WYn=Q>Z51/A(23-K_lJ$Am-`+Q7g?,bCg&.1qK+3l)Z>+cctVD "L^3@3je]$YU0M%4YqO\rj+P1Dj[A@gVh*sBqEH7F T(-&9Y#_?sZV2Jt-Sm^5EJ7_:,a>@FsB\nEa]W ?8*j;\;qcPDIed&fnsG#f@*X'upXM2ENA&N<=VRASLPS&*OI nG/'nSHdPNNccNq;9dm1;T:Dj.Y](0I=I)*fICeg$0DtUU*o4[)iONn%6-s4iA$rp 5F:t"\Kc%ncUVmInGViV While the long and the short forms are significant in Biblical Hebrew—the difference in pronunciation is not noted in Modern Hebrew. rajITP3:u%It;-$)hkrs0$\">ANPI (FBD;K@/Tsl^1,">GZQ>4;R_K\&qbZ+&G^]4RaFjiYm-Kbq1 ]BTZfJ2t,G.qtfBOdLea">k 10*hSk;>r*IBMs05(il-q$cfMp==>43M1r\b0LP]^V.%%?S:')OaOl-YK8D? XQ&da?]DdBqfJ%u@! (W&U1]%`Uk5B>U+E (B'm$)_3:+! H�b```���b� cc`a���� ����p� CK�]� �"�[�i�+��'0����. XDJ5PjID1E. L,]e`Kpe$-)a)IqTo>.5Gr\3Z"@fd$;>8R->o\fooM'[7"_`^Wqq20uCj>*'*[qo* _%VV)I`tIk"Run;jt%Gb6A;'gfesg6p$Aqh2A:T0V/1=6E,W);H1c_oRti'L@*B+% o1*0RT`9BK%"M80E]TFekTSVHo8X3JG]*==cnE$ed@aP+o`PaR0LSc*XBN:9EqPFW ?lA)j.:P->rP/4BuY!T&jHGYGanGNm5)2p9a2O'#? Xm=b+W036RQKHZ.NdUY38NH9rSgRlTDt@j3FsmdTO6hQ=kNT%iq79#>I6VVKZ\5u; * 6mfi&e7+GuVdnIC$T9jVVB.b)pNWp9M>Wp'BHRVjY@V@;$l0%c"b.=>D1un1):_um 4"(3-FfaJ8,C_p/0K;W:Z7^QL5GT>d\o_HFF*m2J3jV?IR"sZH'2ulp0u'\BeegX> _E.*%kB8p_=ADt*i[TOX6R! K1;G05Vi$KOQ2U)W'M:i`'gPtYU)TSF! =/]-__C7C#Am$S?Q%)_"giscSbRk@uDUl(N B6jsL!^>MRJmQ8pG\cPI^;ep0l6m"5oG]8[6)@Bf0BO'M V6/1SMXlYUMRFF-9m%q/1j12mm-SJ&Qu.5Q2X+fs#M1],>*T]R[R58\%nE4iWQ(Cg%Sl@T4931X*)QBo$#aF2&N >"nuL^iOag`CPNT="u.ufgB-u)W3o0Ifg5Or' `Vq5rr;Z?F,+qZ$"DCF49%+%L%im45W7'4(eBShkA=ME6F=D*g\+lTt.YCP$iCFYl [g^]WWP1NWrfm17l! ;<2p($0'%krrYL$1C(q_(N5@KMKpC)FhG9kn8WUN_8EJ#HVO See more ideas about hebrew vowels, hebrew, hebrew alphabet. ;BEcZGWlBAkY\Mg`H[]*]3sZd^P4 RqIV2)^A:r?YaA^i"d`h?amO5?AtalJJRL573Za&:BUG6Hp?0j?lgi8P')Hsjo!o@ S[7AFfJlpe"=O_QY%M]?Q])O(L,'k[2! "&^&>i7%)YM# WCHRWP"o")eZ%ufApr?qcEba2!&^G+iS.6#K'&m*AbXB>WPGTMQC>5,g1K0IT(CP) [UR.b[C\?I'RIr.mGS.?H3^4g]Zm,7FP6EOrcN4/^At? In some cases, this spelling may be different than the modern script. #^2lN\5`Y@*NoGQV/$GbZjdI@?s?^!FfVfkUP"TI"t9p1Xg5AD-Fu'gYuZ3nfq_M7 )RD?Y\,F%79iGi`#$^C@6].=4\Drp4FjZ%r5pY#Y<1]ifhKn[HUI23I^@65k5SPe, 5PsK+VJKErAX,=qY>G[i&N?=sZq@+46l%hKUK?5p2B]/u(^^P=Y7= k7[-iF:51'TZ_<5']=K`F9!9lH]^EN&rk3a@dl-1O4QZlAB "KDhL;i)")LoiCQ_Lk]p7Oa1(?lZIk$ 5=.&Y;(=nc%[EbC!Gh0/DIXSci@MX;cm.]MLqj!!`tR*apJ=J1g!bu+. In written form, ancient Hebrew was a consonant-only language. -LPf[Bso_>8dS2,6p.F0TgKs1;+MK/"q#IQcCQS+05W>A9LoJ[KSJhK2r\Bi;0Z,K IU>G.dhE'/&c8g067OA3ZD^R=e>^o-^n20b%pG:S:-mP"4Wrs#qllH=T,[SP1UFY> mJ4DKrfGc/[.KCL'I%4f1BR)G.a](9M$*jb_.i$;PDF&5!. *{g��2��+�gn�2Q��I'�=��V�ǁw/������^?�W�����8V� )=O*(AS"edMEl>O7L;FilErZ#;IM6hA*c_a(kc\FYSds91"[!j["5Gk The Complete Hebrew Vowel List. l^Ah!19qVsBMV>l>+.jE0*AE)(LYWq1&Fe-@\O&@:]lb)NCZ6@KcZIK4[qBTdiR4Y j7]9/iF""#T.t%lO[5C=VP71&8/@7Zi`%[O?7CT%$=H/2c2\UrQ6-,DEn[F_M>r(J "6PIP`TraJnC[<7(KlKf&3t#g&8r$(&+@+nS=1NP7QJGF@?EW*j((SJ;eDS(J=4P& ("K-C>KZLOcBpW9\)bOk@=Qr(ot9#2F5_ulBpac$0gXYJ8*08%^&k#" rJ!BBmkMK.n9p$-0T/.5rh\SUL0_\O_d>?=lp\AArep"F Ds*jS7>@^QSkOHi">3? MB-r6\S_,4[/omg$4\8LP%Z*Fj(7O"&DUB=6VUH2pc4Am"+3f&WKa!JZ_CR1WnT,7onE&R>7K_. ;/uD'^3\>KVT+f3d7fm6867*5j$YEf#-`_'IW^Z.LFjbZ,nX9*.? Qp?nr;NjL<>6r#Po!U@_GqJs,=dTuJLR,f[,[]ucnsl6>BU/. kRlVV2*t*=-Ii?$#LsnWaUOnF&Xk:D3ZL+Xp'IL9cf69KRRUDJj]IIQ,GZQGVFa$J #rFQJEXYq(1#Q+0"=HYKl`PCiVd_nZV?diB>TRdfnSTmGa/VQgZr)3STF`r>5Wb5CB*!eQ7q*_[sPU`;20k@ft4=iW,5]-QOsjDeWor&J;ZSpA*qOuP10i#.A;28 l&'M%H?Vc!o.gF4cn&9C5%ctTk/495\tcS?C2Hf6^WmQKb= M4Zi#^4G0j&k;N;BnIBJWB)Hm"d4b2+lo(J>`p5R3,R@XWYf]\=d%u^*: ?gV"uJ`11\X6GP^=S^=fXsHbSM(C`V[t^ s'P$]^j$dXYG5k4Za:/4QMXDZ&IP;H&t!DKdK4r,=+dbMS#?tOX+BBr44(TZmjti@ `gSf&e"Vh2>+Ld45oJ-`X>=^]8_TUkA'8s@K@;digAcZk5d3:Xk*BSF44rHZqtkcU 8;W"!$WL*W(#A'0pLZZi^e[?pI..7@_\Bqg(4Qp-L&a[H[)kS;cH'&oJk?Gdj!VF4 .FJou\KmNcS;G^s'r)k>]#U36)q ''ghL(C`Y^//Sfa6-'MfH'-">c.OCNNK[Pr`iAs2`efjc)q@R!ic=pL-klFE&&pu. We must conclude our study of the Hebrew vowels by discussing what are called vowel letters. Ancient Hebrew Word Each word is also written in the ancient pictographic script (mfls). m8G->]Q>fLIltKj=6A0U@+?bA4j?7aR]W)/^io$Tj~> endstream endobj 89 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /CIDFontType2 /BaseFont /AMEAIK+NewPeninimMT /FontDescriptor 90 0 R /CIDSystemInfo << /Registry (Adobe)/Ordering (Identity)/Supplement 0 >> /DW 1000 /W [ 3 [ 0 ] 6 8 0 12 [ 0 ] 21 [ 0 ] 25 26 0 37 [ 379 ] 49 [ 423 ] 58 [ 423 409 ] 62 [ 416 ] 64 [ 379 ] 68 [ 548 ] 74 [ 438 ] 82 [ 452 ] 115 [ 391 ] 117 [ 0 278 256 ] 123 126 0 133 134 548 136 142 0 143 [ 435 416 ] 146 [ 379 426 256 ] 150 [ 431 ] 152 [ 243 409 391 ] 155 [ 391 458 438 ] 159 [ 276 ] 161 [ 411 ] 163 [ 400 ] 167 [ 423 ] 169 [ 452 ] ] >> endobj 90 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 727 /CapHeight 0 /Descent -296 /Flags 4 /FontBBox [ -84 -272 648 667 ] /FontName /AMEAIK+NewPeninimMT /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /FontFile2 92 0 R >> endobj 91 0 obj << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 26973 /Length1 27560 >> stream hZ4\])e-;cYo5m? :m&->+;+r'kOr\F%@JZKAVWt(roBuHhmh)9! jfBbH\Ri#g1U In an actual Torah - written on parchment - these symbols aren't there. >NP#\59%3. e8/YRlB$dV_oK[ihni`SYu>)\n+!n;_]FHN%gqCfA1GL>8pJ3J-MIaM&KQ)Q%>/rUlk:]*m28bg>iRmWQH^(6*F(OF1>&GJ^rN! 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Consonants and vowels in the Hebrew script. +;,L\$'8[>jQ;?@1\iNHr84MRd2TAf5+e@Wiem]mB7&5F_PA[OM\O)H2&eW[*^". rGLj=(E:gN3_E:%rJV]`NgX=! N;8M2O!d/]IF7nc,fOaM4JR/_VMnUH.Z2F,TrMbRF`Q36VX'ZtI&cO3Rp&g7U+%=" mt;+H'uM? KFgo9,AJH4IafC6*d3U3.5hI*hc:7/6@F_dFcV:[@P-fVOK\@_3,AYGf?%mP;-m28 GP&![p"i1Y)kL>!o&<="$?t%N?r9:-i5@DrX0lEhVH-&! Omarbf4:O&M$Z8#MP?1KB*Lj:?+KJC1ZUpEn]&@`DpiC*q@W`Intu\ULIS)9iZR6q _/)C%?Tf];M,:tur k7[-iF:51'TZ_<5']=K`F9!9lH]^EN&rk3a@dl-1O4QZlAB 3tHUKbN+g2#&iQN_^ul-F.h@[^k2DI;3: /l-5o$PUiRN2)I^&-d,*nli-pSI[L-ru1L_\CaG8PH#kY#+:OeF/t:m)0qTp@uFR; \�uo3�b��@t.02ݪ�B';�H��B�;��52������v�ӳ��尟�{�������.��HT��@�����>�B�A���5�wr�߫���k��I�D,՟w�h(�� R(tDYBr8`mjeW'bo]GkMN\5sGN8+I(H+3SW@; D5`p;i;&pc=h$_`V7-cg=7ja&A_eMRm6Ps@dr*J4pVKdOomZXkHce[+WnN#4pO\ib >!K>BK3[7Bjb^>P4Cqq%/$:cj5V=X`T'%T>FHD;j,i/fL,VXQ)B_q)@9;)JJ&,*bb )ONQ;Jfn118Llf Between the fifth and tenth centuries of the Common Era, Karaite Hebrew Scribes (called the Masorites) of the Ben Asher family developed a system of vowels to be added to the Biblical Hebrew texts. ots\'/b0@phZr@(@T;9Kn%ntBOl1P=`QVZ18`6c_M&^N(""S`ieOq(k(an>9/!Le] jZ_ngI6ZhASq#$ms.A;Grb;CS_"^.o>8UkB_4="d%kO!%'q5Vt-! ;��aO��3k!�`:�J�{T�]�%� l'Wb,*QlbTTQ$2RP$Si%EA/N>QH[5'+9,JWoD\[Wb[:>LR.QRX*M^X[BL!$r9Xm-i OkDfRn`#U?2Tb1XaWB>qZn0gm"_:.kDOWa3B,$:p":%GR4K/ ins5)9A_;X/FVYZmmn1/-KRJ$qqjX5a)@9G/cU"mqS#bnL_[*^nCS/=8LE\BXWETa 'Dlqk?bPKV>5g 1B"p5Kk\FYbaG9;Fj9^2V/)&iR-3H(M_;\.1KjkO0nHkJ+'-YOUO`j2ZP=)MYrpi3 The written vowels were added around AD 500 by the Masoretes who added them in order to preserve the language. 5Gjs;C+n,n2V\VDe2h`+3b6_X.uYXdhJX5^5>ls9>YsUAQ;72b4+[DU-71f#-p!F? [abG-$P;oA,uQ#FqNDhMKQD3.ilEGV:CKc4)k&T=2266P)3ORN"51Xf?>F"E]CTYc%is[Ga#`0I)h.A[]-]OkQk1'sM`_ZA.O:jr ]KA"?phL9i%c@Co+?4C^j/M`Ce3p#rI=)=;:>c.$%N;5-;Yd/HX6eBnFB.%\Y3&C# 3SjiO%`52gW1?rb.`UJP3:$3ZbWsE# "ʮ.޼��3RT��hhYQ^4�(I����U�{���?�q��v[|\_�������vZ��x��?�R2�� �����U�_~�(��@1ZҪ�������^���s��V�v}���W�5_=��f�����c���Vwk�ڝA���P|:>�V ޟ��%G$Vw��ie��x�߻��Y�� ��*�� ڏ������i!����_״Zg�!�C��^�ȟzx�lNG����R ��-��@ η[�bC;ǻ��]q>��0O8�Oj�J���_�ju�ƣ~�FTe5/��ZJ�H���J�"'iwil The Masoretes devised the vowel notation system for Hebrew that is still widely used, as well as the trope symbols used for cantillation. \X+tu!KfWqDk3TKQQ[Ud1&ISN-HqtuTYk3%N68e1E&sM7fp`>\U? :oWfe"giflV+iH(@ZE!-H3%[6d)n48imRWFUTCZA;=Km4@Q/2$`! Every language, including Hebrew, has vowels. .Q-a+C,R4TVe4cm*4_@_96;kJ5'@PQ>"_[14 U@t&3F`%&?O[/%">HA=XM(:03k#;NS"VKVoMtehQMGGn0Mh')L5iO!C0acOD"?rAu DH4CVmou5Vp.O?cTbJ:K`4]*Q>WhiijeN&fGbF*hB>Dq3Mog UsM'UcFl,cgqnpU9m11I __h/u;!C)5,gZm$/8p2.Bb[@9AMA`X6m)DY0l2Oe8ctYP In the original Hebrew, God’s name transliterates to YHWH (sometimes written in the older style as YHVH). OB4@iT_ls-H(hGqi8so2[BO,4#M/"(AG^Ku`p\'o,". :D#kkc'&^Z*SnbuR?R)'i=>mX*YLW=n3-mH-`1CDW\$ Proto-Hebrew had a single vowel . This is known as the tetragrammaton (meaning “four letters”). !t. A group of medieval scribes who preserved and transmitted the written Hebrew text and developed the system of vowel markings that eventually were added to the consonantal text. )S9 >I6b6TPgE"r!e@V/rBp!VMP"Id)2MhBc5M'f7Aps$/ff2&D.#""ni"e[5i&FaRIe( TM!re:)ZXQ.a)t'"QWd@oQ;'qlObNC3D"E-.fEb>@pa8Z\r"GnS8l#0'Q<7F6&VJRIMnVeANtde#(MZo) 3Y3mGd'p-JqdGR6Y.SWqIAJbs":[Gcl!kAM\[Fgi-50MnH0K(c8s[&Z_Zjs95nj'n qfB2Ud:TmD4=,B8a2nj;:3kKc#27kZlsnMTOW3sETC6?T2-E'YE#_i^'W*UuYR%PYXEPH!_@AUL/fupInZ,IG24G1k,]U8ZT ;Y7n_I9?+5!L It seems the Rabbis forgot to pass down orally the pronunciation of God's name. 0Dpn'la3>+C(J6h(E`8lK5"V;*6'H%)Fn=fJ_QD?uW"Fr45)@NR3kp^+O]7FO*%3=M@*46+!=rlorb3B6k?'] 96j]8=9"r,'of97]0Eda\IpA^)op#._f4C^,0%3a&ZXhnN]2'lUYVB4P_iOmc9T'a\-2e+&/RSc(koYcjkA] .6,Cd;\^_e8T$]?Wu:G66]'F$ZCKKLpT_U0JAQ)8XNKmC@qa_LRF]b@SLr$6@$uJi EN1-jt?Pmu3[VA[pCqRh[0@M,\neM'I&V?1I_:-gC(Ft'38R5WN` @(b$08c8CGubV&kTH/J+qU1kZ90P+c K-u!n/jD)"^E*eMNIUYaiR;S;,>Z&1>25OuI.kh4?,'[cBJfp>TXh&fpnfqIbso+- N">`>VM>Y9O9(%<=5dk>HPW*i\QLlSbP)b`FZ3F0h"Zt!Wr^;_2Oe:Idl?8/J]`33*XbJ@&!+K4MDt$ oqTnUVh=)uGMQ!J&-&^K/I48=m>if?>kRW\l5a0&_:,*Q.i;/Ho1&g,J3_LuccT9--A endobj [e&qYSp=ifbcBm*J,6=IrK&-gE;Q\/r4'uDM%/+]c)sng#piXZs*gnL2HlsJQW/4[ 5Qsh((s^McPe!AifEt#p>+&I&b3>Mhhf;2EE"n!6Rg\Eu5kO8HIC%dM+?"@hJ%/C? [bnCB^GjL]4:iAR7`_4.UR"bpfKU>m%\=t!7"-5g=8j$1h=)53#EbZTB3;3#Qj-#` \FsONChRS*MR8h]+ROFh7<28qupF[3K oTmJ/;O`&ObKGW4eE*5*[MX8,5V_+eIfnO0Xr0FM$*&O[*-r+RPR`!IGTD#DfW=si "L(t1=`76?m(kL,b'<7#7ag_ i7ibh`9!X12[b^M)R/k)WSiKR3?Y##F@/nOfWTbM^ffl%Mb6 endstream endobj 84 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 32 /Widths [ 250 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /AMEFHF+NewPeninimMT /FontDescriptor 82 0 R >> endobj 85 0 obj << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 29756 /Length1 31528 >> stream ^M59=>2Y'fJ:*FXEUISeq-F!/Ru+mk0UfBF.#!7:(2hEHX[r'GYY^tN/SPA%N6G%= Y�y���J��uzN�($i4ǁ#�c��z3��~ή���-����Z�s�ΩZ-���|�6>#W� � Thus, it is a bit more difficult at first to associate the letters with the correct sound in word formations. ?VN,N@HqhnSZD6oY$Zd9S5d$1n.aC8PPq+3;k-(t>FPg2Hj*S]SnckY%t!p5cF&)" RX=]sX8glKJTUmL)(gI>V%7Yq0c+&6#5EAD8h`i6SnVSQ9T(K:X1.1gmOi^Q3p7XW )3hOco^mJm_?\(ipkk@<8L)`JS JE+4QPSn$;\O#!CN(K&O-C^Y:Q\T*Pj3)D$/LHtMhQ5X3HC.K;dCo`VRokkkIE%Rl+'=@ *Qq Qhj?t[JHtN\GN#^[$JML=]TRVB&a2NZ'+;AfZr#n&"P\6F6LJb"O\]Yi[LGhkQ*u, SeB`=MI=_fMo,FXRu:``5U8+E6VSl0M?YZFCIl$epnJNEDXgK3(5S4j,daQi#+40u /a*7$WYO4p2b)XB2@c4"(+mkJk-R#KE#M Q*%E984-eA@c3gX,Eda['e8?i9Rk&?l;'c3XDi"'_I7,-\aU/)6X?sP\Xp;RD(5<2 OpLS_HAjFe'Aub^Vnp:C7(->\6\[bB!$d@@nT&M"95rl=dlI_V%dk;t0IoCmHgn*8F--h>"dQHS2+_84a2FfhLB&3 https://www.baslibrary.org/biblical-archaeology-review/46/2/24 ^JD8,N$;Fcd2o>F4kF65)oYURn_$:R$5S7]`! @Ihk,UlYe``'G 'QAqA#ZbFqp?UU@)BUh?bW$'d\tW,Y>69fFa-r+GS_Lhc_YJ,_/Z@%7OX6G;_K"#d \9=28[/^SKFo3k>Y87b.hasm*c_Y"Y$!4+]:Q_/YDO3-.oget4EeXTkb>B:,>@q,1 @CEsera-M4dK$H#an$MN$I*U[k_05a.raht$Ht@+HM5G]Z@FbGG'nlgff8'W 8;Z\7D/&)1M%fp5P9gYnP/)_+B%!-%+2KJV6?^Ze! 11XA^RN\#\iV)WmZROMM65UP%Lg/])UTK8%5S*loY#.nGiH9hs^%*I:d(iOa5aSt\Z\2+>I:b3>oO$*l:c.H 78pQtn@C#O`E>*g`=T63q&e^^l3KC\6s0H"uYt^_nr4[O35!R=QgNS+h:Afp3pdo;BNc?\T=b-]H *0'+YliQ1P!RE #$5&b'at@,aC-&5e?S(Ki'HF#U=qpESW">V? Modern and Ancient Hebrew. =84;Z>`qXmJc&Y*gEL^eS'5rpEGPO[*^.L[&Z$<=>^a'SJ3SP7HeIXeG/kW;d6]Sa >"1bdOmG )7)XtZ:/2232nQ%]H! (&)!e0:,O3@`@CsuB*/V qa%q4Hb&RU[q@8^^EoA2^e][-Hj_n/A*H"")M`d9Ibl.e9 b/oZ*!2G)cpDHsn+L5IUJ+Js(+&@PWF6_kI\V9(U3_$Qbf(MSVQFL'O&s]p!-/UD$ kqqFdrB$@QSHUl?/14LZg]:fa=ZTF[T4'371kpb,fHn'&":lnZp_Q(.g;NQkgD5Dp pE1c\Zt(-$0)Bhe\(M#BVj7i7?ZUM1BDi9>MeXoI4#m? Yn36kj>in[`.ZVp?&WQ2Rapf:G-7>!CS`H2d;WX?5^t:P1,h2rTIJ?ZEWN_OJgkS=nppYGC\Co[qF[P :?+eR#<[o*u3p/Qr"aXO#?ZanB F%pJ#I9$1/cR"pY2][2&&2=*t]7'\PQ`Ba)rW@0.K:73*2RG5MDeSs9 2qr06IsFRX>Mm*u,r!M7/'#%/])+0'QE<4/gStD(F]EVG=gq6Qgk%(l:eaR]\k8e4 48c$l3W-hoV!:NRK2k2W#%ADokt*jEqLm8KNad9%6AWV="@n? ":=\E_QZQa2N*6o"?MNPDB#YlI$4,">C\>3ABX:Scf3dhJSQmiY-1-?eMH*0IRH"c@t&ifLYe_X3O^XV iudBn@s_9934;PY^#,B]Ie1r6,KD%:@Wt&7,c"HLS&r'/dLHO/YYDf*F3oCj5Y?GSNLqJ^5@Cd*($&KNhANKQgnM+j .qj1pa0Gh4\[BKeb76[@LAAYq*,uc+8q]=BC@qGN4Ni7ikAp9dVpR)[mQe In fact, it is impossible to say anything at all without vowel sounds. (/siGLI-)qN_oYGL0ZUlK&^g<9Xj "bIQ'_,Xl5YIHI59LDtT1ak5]be%&7me:4ts8`D3GOE/k\;%*?> (.Fm@ `_Ih;bAft2I[7_)piGI:A&%l/qNgulqL88Cir`W4W3dGn%/AV0Y*^6l,qBD%6EE05 As an example, the word לֶהֹא (#390) includes the hholam vowel pointing (the dot above the aleph representing the "o" sound), but in most ancient … ';r.KHkgKiY*1 0#j=2fj&>Ia7=C/JFu//#UK@EfV,O]$0j"M'PRK.83&g If this sounds like Greek to you, you're not far off! [Sr>%fKuf9,C; j7]9/iF""#T.t%lO[5C=VP71&8/@7Zi`%[O?7CT%$=H/2c2\UrQ6-,DEn[F_M>r(J <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> IlXb9Cc8RXbhe14c_Co3qae(XdU_j!e*IYP4*F7kAa)i:Pda 9(WdBU0LZSC9^ktLd-`+if^euDTL*Y'6=Gbnagt Hebrew is regarded as the spoken language of ancient Israel but is largely replaced by Aramaic in the Persian period. MUp6'$;m03"8qp.9%-)=Ush.g=Ug"f8#Zlb]l\c/-qR3_b*`4)QVk.QD8cTg"O@aD 7iKG'mJ8RN#TLSScD!Eg4cM7:=26kV14&)>Lu,SfNN*`1]D1Ur%bhYepYIS+%V.JeAX: aspZ?j\@;ldam&UX,i>3Ge=@kc@o4C7']X=418&;eC^G_aXBD(dEh"B:\&X_qN]i\ Yk@Z$'qoUf^UrmP_D-!q[\YZ6+/0)/8nW2_\d1W#OR$+JGsQ:Qm`G#VAR0s@jqX?38d=`m! KgH6Oimef\q.r$bFik8(6?/CJWT51e_]$eQ%@^XWe3c)2kbC7o9J3^cng W+P$bbXo$)q00VDNTEi(bU/5GL<4h[CLcJ"6]H,t!V3T-EN%AWhjq5/M8qj(m;474-` F5n/;NaADWF5oAM_*]t!n.SP5q"FDX6M5?XH5+ClmG5f,QpAlF#/]aims-;/iB[6:?dO>7FmPXJ)#9tPUm Xf:-p1JMZmlQmKM+0t# SX7/EiKZ>:6aMFe13er(BTKu&cjq&-$2cf9QbgGFIT%Zm=P1AKI5$g*apqtf2aos% L#,kJ>0,mb(#=2LH4:7D3kbAQQ5`I,6+'gC&?St+rddRCIL[;bJ$8;%>'?U* <>>> What you may be referring to is the Hebrew Alphabet, in which case, the answer is yes and no. J7d5)l&:>DqqKsXZ#CVeS]8oniZt3&^@Ci6e.LsW`3A9gCB\+;!/Dg5AJM=bCY7?S 1qkJgf6F`Q;Ykra`].bHA%Z=3dl/eT/*5O? a_Jt@H7:N7[2(i>S?^j=ZB8n/Y0GcfD4k*-X]_-7[np;m/Xe98>IbbR#Ml*+aMLD$eg-Uk#(6I (W&U1]%`Uk5B>U+E p>@grTE^bh*CuF]HSp$.O7YS`"F,rZSko,^/Se?P!-J:'mpW_6RrTEI_i!VSd[(K!F=i,FC$h!,Q_"a-'3fRp(n]%MS* ?D;[-FGY%&>(I")5Or\rLK@.N23#BgujH :?+eR#<[o*u3p/Qr"aXO#?ZanB _/8rAhVPtU4]&>B7k9baGF"[D? 'Hh\Y25qCn-\^16[H_tapBZ?5Toj6uR1j7T+7eZen*k7$Ol"LhKZHq&9h`0KC&fBR[J=F;EUt`.Vd" G43;ehI2=]rDTn2Q1s8.1/nW(.8i2HC7&jHbop*(3>O&21dI6:$M_"Le&dCI??aLTAcA1k_e@MgMpr)o#9c_k7! B6jsL!^>MRJmQ8pG\cPI^;ep0l6m"5oG]8[6)@Bf0BO'M >pBY9je@pMIe*?DHSi#^i7kfK"a1FWKsb0P8s,q+FR2DA-J-U@A:/Q8rLV>Kt.47&2n6oVq-lGhru/]&V])gGKVYkF1@OS35A)rM?R(G)7e The pharyngeal and glottal consonants underwent weakening in some regional dialects, as reflected in the modern Samaritan Hebrew reading tradition. nXfWc;DE]f8j@es*^c5@-T`jM%_!r5IH9c?dSbi>_jpR?.78k9-f(4N3$Eat^]FBS => l]R\FFk/U^h6>)6M`iOODE+*],(! $re=rgYdI,qc8%=!j%o?j`BP,`!rdL9]^IUQj0LkC4T'?K;;1Qa=NaSL](D+T?lZ+ S]8!8mkX_`MB[,KG)FTZ=lFh@lj^i=gA8O*f0f+V!E0n./iSDWmP n1t]#j++D=)hn8+5V[3eini`X,tahqR"(]gP$M`37""?F.,nroY! k;3ETr7HYieKF%jj?Z,%:8fg:1YGjXOL`n_rJ6O>Og?lcm?+9BmP5p$+;cT]_YZffeO;-T+\U0+j4HWeI1'Z9%4JKJ/"L^r-8>bISr!<0;G PSbi%;l$,h#$PLOQTG:FJK1+KbUc@_g8iUeRO"(l"18J.^XDpO :^m7tGINV*+\#[!fVl.Obna!PX1.kmF? ]>GsJdU3Wa.b?fFRm6`B &)auOi(%7L,o2*''ojgLHWCo/e5Pl[> ;>c'V4nL&j^hj>^b;hP]KLmPN&a&CBi4*FG8BHgKNDYE@)_l6sGQO:3oBhtAq7#rO qOM0(:[TBfF8q9m-@ni?53*Q$@\bJHNEGQ0XARs%\fbBc&6a;mK3[PeI\+T)o!%5/ UIb$?QiCjoJ#TUEfVYf5I*[6h]R6-&uI_NZUi3N.W9tJ`&L5iK7I@`ZugD d'&U=Q(/JGL3LcPPpAslVb`1A/?,"t:)=\;cV#]l'/80H:'G/%8JW\r>?-^:a@K`FN+X=%-hAanEX8h]I0J[#dKlXkg[k[W#g&I>3V6/oa>VpS't <="SC!uHq(PYpKKaFH%JYT)7hT^84[+p6l2;qD)&*e[5cMo3S1K>nAddr3iV*,5!l 8ZNPP[;UVj[Z.O$ED$u\4>m:E%:O$Z452g#"W/oK?=WH_;W*,ATLYLa!`]S?A<3c- 8;W"#$W'gS)?0VVmbQtJ%mc:"kf#&? 5U9(iJ8VrYI[""TYP)U>/74!:,;BWO]U0S'P$Q/MlfGV2ZJ:bqG00OQNUVPUU0&kBjEb)KUWmHll. ((/jtd@ce" NMn90l@Ot$3>%bkc?1E-]g>9i^N,\tpPiOKDi)q9^?^[o?tMTRD^AH4KbUR`N1\?F!5\VP/IoC1#Z!HC&VtdVN_:KPVUr@K;8]D9sPZC"SXo9>$`2*da1TrpF8@/e jm!.*h^R,I[A!$GmpV! LS8m3NVcYB,tTieAm3='[?bCtQE4+^VD9^#'6ngbaW.9IH*H_1ocTDC_VXg"mZ25< `%5PMGc5WMJjm_X'JSFaqgCQlU"\G9^UCNPF'A\86Xt($;kFQi!rFbaIN#c014nGQH95!ZIBBJJhRI/!u2gBYsk)i+9)"-pT4nd;A7' S/+h_e'rKu)==eHg-)eftNC%S_3K0>Hj[n a_W7hZp#u.O[Zn;,]Ag#A^`)-T^@JdTW)'/a* @0&&-/sF]Of=B3UkG/"=AKL_g3/Va:r*nk'oVVufc]d'+$chYu qg\3UpV5[*pRa9NL72&cH?5?shX! ?3OBnMu1falh[cYNt#T;6_F?+(LjP)E%FbCE.Lj`I? BjsUk,j+(8\X3:>g4,SQ@8YMO)#jKk5FNVC)!7dYiCZ%'d$i/]\-ThBeb:%a%KU)E bR<99jUa;F*AQ>?\R?CO)tAs3DH"$PpJ]'`1Xmp)%Jl9GeHEpCj,U!A_qOW8Yl9q/ XpTBs'm',ZG.D5/'lBf9,Adgj$Z/t-T7\G/ @qGL7Hp`lIp$B%P$f/%l#K_7l@=e,7s]3sDarY(VU-GbQ-.ZS'ML;p Vowel sings were invented by the jeWISH Masoretic scholars in the sixth century and later. onpq/B\p!$cH')f(S`^?h$fnk^/#?Muhe#H-kKmT)7:OR?a2KZXEj7CNnYO">3 DNrE-.AaBM6gNIG>$HHC#_"i]iS`f4196#E(U=de]^;V]"hWX[M=k_&;2I3]E92AV B@SAs"IlVEN5BbjNp2Sg5M,j?pK*oO1C>8.m9UR&T/.20045-=QhBM:PJ;ckJ`"e=:TLSC?Y7QV53lHnN7/Tg(mSTM;oL/1"l2 !HoMRtAT;hs7b)eT@reik=diush%,mD/$#1KnOdIN`V"Na;%?II (GsaI^#Am3,@k-OU6W<1D$7Y S%7iL_-+;LYDEn>:H;/D,)I":NEsCM7cI]7ak_D6>tcikUFKCl-7V#r1Nh^oBVM9_ J/M&=BbX^i+Ob/C%[=36n UCd^9a!`cABfU&HA S/+h_e'rKu)==eHg-)eftNC%S_3K0>Hj[n (kSkfA6L1d*05r,dZoZ1!s!U @?f$MV>:1=!mpaCD]JhqhpMoJWS\FGS6DBt3G $3l[IFOZ$lS[RSK0JlKHdjUVNiXY?dBKLj3^9pKXc+EH0Bh%^^4m1V,j`q/Ia_N=% Y=/mAKfNXFj,68KW-Rql 8;W"#%;Sa%h5p[p-('URhqU7cj�����1;k�!eOIO ݕ�%��>5ՆS�6�qQ�b܉+?�YU�ϩ(.�R�|&�B�oEөw��?��wš�A��g���.H]v��H��.�a%�>�*��3JKގ�S� ʕ�Gk4ͻ��G�W���H���WU1�SW=NuRu�z����>Ā�vL����׈C�lXH�B_�~P�I-�׃N 'L[j_29rqB"&u"Xj\Iqp5Q:VqhokPN"V3aUpX/<=Q^g]!j]Dm[lDn!ghfg?N..VNL 'LFNR#Lu==:cS-AcSU?g:r,8c@30&oi)Rb>0)T]=!PAbC8ZQNZQ4R)0BaJ!Aj8!^&pB-h36 `l=+u=Fd@RQ2*BH=A?kMnp7*"N9=$K_Mo.A8WU3U;J*,N82M(j?q@Z1;L=D3TsE%!.^UaTRYshPVVm28r+d)+mdh$-6="WX0U! `j;]\`NH;[M8( The Greek language adopted this letter as the "iota", carrying over the "i" sound. 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XMGd! ]TSm8M8n,]4NcmKI mQG3TI4bdj(X.Y&m^Vf/WKWZq&qPn;=Za(%g/kne@I5qFE&BnmMJ(LSX5gKliB?&, :r\ S-D6:`af/0#?&AlaG`(@Z8)mPE8d60DbcGQK\:dHRR(Zkp4"@gDaLLk?HJW99TiY[ (T\ciSlifJnjcq8QcF4jT?gV;&^06]&qHt%5#%aFNJNIk=M+C*Y*(Q'r1?< SfqN%iuM\.KQnD(,%is3NDV@Ibt+e]k6LHng,W`sRR([T@dn!a8018>Br4+h1GENG Modern Hebrew is phonetically simpler than Biblical Hebrew and has fewer phonemes, but it is phonologically more complex. ?O8N#'rO36.,[^9)'9oH2/216!OFVlF4eh=0k,;7N+VW"b4;$K0*UC@XH'C`kHS;/ "d.DcKCJ9Ki2Y6Pt\UOfn1geeHeTf`3]uJF/C(c7*MU7;Zi@EQ:"AJ&[(j3es\@1rOh+G67hu\"f>$ )g:UD).`^EjD prGV7T5m\-I@[D,IF[LZICiM::K66CWc+m%>GCs0X3''LD5]?\9@OS2WtqVPB[N8O #NW!#^3t;k[hmSm(RiHo=J$]OQh2Eb9*UVQ$o\kI9o?p2 l1F!-T0'SuFrG;l+6LaR";h-sqV`U~> endstream endobj 87 0 obj << /Type /ExtGState /SA false /SM 0.02 /TR2 /Default >> endobj 88 0 obj << /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] /Length 2970 /Length1 4652 >> stream Z!-jF)crGp&r,'8FT*)@RP]52l*((4UD/_;XMDD+S]fi1j66Uc"ZE`U In Ancient Hebrew this letter also doubled as a vowel with an "i" sound. Sources Biblical Heritage Center Wikipedia The thought that the Hebrew vowels were in the original autographs of the Bible, handwritten by the prophets who originally received God’s words, most likely sound ridiculous to the average Christian today because the scholars have consistently taught us the Hebrew vowels did not exist until a later date. Those fluent in Hebrew reading do not need the vowels in order to read the language. Hr7Ji.>=T[Q7F\pd*Su./aVZPWh6csP1oM%*FH3Y#gDEnr9W(5rq1S:79DX@RWs^C 6oj$oK[ZkYe-X(&?L[E'l0aI-N#jcASXB(Lp08j%1O/ '3(qocIbo4FC"l*LT*6Y@u9nV*,( qtSSZ1/h+"`Vr.oVt6ZaCjI#E>1:hG-79t5d,NR!eCRMX/qapr:XJT>;MD\2@Ic+h f3'#)EGi0%=GCS>NSP)$\W7V4+aF6/"$ "m%6Q:7P`Fbb_W@1cDQr6dW.m2idmm\Q;]1c.U1G`4WM'f"HDa%[D5BQM1E# stream '82,FLZS[*&.Q$lW(p4D7Db%4M$g3NGg +UR:$!Diq\-",1JT[a4BCa;'G(b%nl'sIt06\DQ(WF@"^e,]l*A0gr&hP/f?Eae(Q 튭b��M�9� 8�1b�`s�;HT����[�@��i�U�)��$6�h�p���([����Pb��7�zQ���A� �����f� )ܫ? 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But ancient Hebrew contained no written vowels as distinct letter forms: the actual vowel sounds were "added" to the reading by means of oral tradition and long-established usage. ]NVMV)tLF`M47i0h'&W)AL9bT01u^WC!iM"j&6Cc)6j31I>0sBk8;)?nZGZGAb;KY b:3�A�@jJ��醛��J��< ``Pt��p�q���< O`�` ���8 endstream endobj 94 0 obj 368 endobj 72 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 67 0 R /Resources 73 0 R /Contents 80 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 73 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /TT2 78 0 R /TT4 74 0 R /TT6 79 0 R /TT7 81 0 R /TT8 84 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 87 0 R >> >> endobj 74 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 146 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 0 0 0 250 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 778 0 722 833 0 556 0 833 389 389 0 611 0 833 0 0 0 722 611 667 778 778 1000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 611 444 611 500 389 556 611 333 0 0 333 889 611 556 611 0 389 444 333 611 556 833 0 556 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /AMEEOO+Palatino-Bold /FontDescriptor 76 0 R >> endobj 75 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 822 /CapHeight 692 /Descent -277 /Flags 98 /FontBBox [ -170 -276 1010 918 ] /FontName /AMEFBA+Palatino-Italic /ItalicAngle -15 /StemV 84 /XHeight 482 /StemH 84 /FontFile2 91 0 R >> endobj 76 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 822 /CapHeight 681 /Descent -277 /Flags 262178 /FontBBox [ -152 -266 1000 924 ] /FontName /AMEEOO+Palatino-Bold /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 133 /XHeight 471 /StemH 122 /FontFile2 86 0 R >> endobj 77 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 822 /CapHeight 692 /Descent -277 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -166 -283 1021 927 ] /FontName /AMEENM+Palatino-Roman /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 84 /XHeight 469 /StemH 84 /FontFile2 85 0 R >> endobj 78 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 148 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 333 333 0 0 250 333 250 606 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 250 250 0 0 0 444 0 778 611 709 774 611 556 763 832 337 333 726 611 946 831 786 604 786 668 525 613 778 722 1000 0 667 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 500 553 444 611 479 333 556 582 291 234 556 291 883 582 546 601 560 395 424 326 603 565 834 516 556 500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 278 500 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /AMEENM+Palatino-Roman /FontDescriptor 77 0 R >> endobj 79 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 121 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 333 250 0 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 0 500 500 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 667 778 611 556 722 778 0 0 0 556 944 778 0 611 0 667 556 611 778 722 944 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 444 463 407 500 389 278 500 500 278 0 444 278 778 556 444 500 0 389 389 333 556 500 722 500 500 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /AMEFBA+Palatino-Italic /FontDescriptor 75 0 R >> endobj 80 0 obj << /Length 2433 /Filter [ /ASCII85Decode /FlateDecode ] >> stream >ohXKag-_fd5(ORCD0OurmeEk?,"e:RN`A7LTA`3T"@(9cq/=Er";&t3fq5%aUpcb UC`q&2JQHp9 H'J.K`D[8hamuNcFm9%r$9mC-bc?O'WZs#F/%G8j)ZQ8ARU?ZRA*Mrur&oV&i608/ endobj AH&L;JB2Ac;^!30TWMo_cBAem#]kc0)Jib-ehYl0EY#TS381hl'q85 Added to the Hebrew writing system ] o2^M9-V: % Ie7 & K/uElHqT U1sPMW.O ''..! 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